Spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis

K7 PHYSIO | SERVICES

Spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis

What is a Spinal Cord Injury?

Spinal cord injury is a neurological condition that significantly affects an individual. It affects psycho, socio and economic aspects, and is a life-changing condition. Spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord where signals to and from the brain are affected. As a result, the individual has issues with motor function and sensation, the degree of which depends on the level of injury.

What are the types of spinal cord injuries?
1. Complete spinal cord injury,
2. Incomplete spinal cord injury

What are the main causes of spinal cord injury?
Trauma is one of the main reasons for spinal cord injury, mostly due to:
• road traffic accidents,
• domestic injuries,
• sports injuries.
Other causes are congenital conditions, such as:
• spina bifida
• polio
Or other pathological conditions, such as:
• transverse myelitis,
• multiple sclerosis,
• cancer,
• tuberculosis.

What are the effects of spinal cord injury?

The effects of spinal cord injury depend on the level and type of injury. With an incomplete spinal cord injury, the patient experiences different signs and symptoms depending on the level of injury.
The major complications of spinal cord injury are:
• mobility issues,
• neuropathic pain,
• muscle wasting and weakness,
• respiratory difficulties,
• bowel and bladder issues,
• sexual dysfunction,
• spasticity,
• poor posture

How do physiotherapists help individuals with spinal cord injuries?

Spinal cord injury affects people differently. At K7 physiotherapy our physiotherapist performs a holistic assessment and mutually agrees on a treatment plan to achieve the patient’s goals. Physiotherapist input mainly concentrates on:
• stretching exercises,
• a range of motion and strengthening exercises,
• promoting appropriate posture,
• achieving normal movement,
• exercises for spasticity,
• improving balance,
• improving endurance,
• progressing transfers and mobility including rolling/moving on a bed,
• seating and wheelchair advice,
• mobility and transfer equipment advice,
• hydrotherapy,
• improving quality of life,
• breathing exercises,
• bladder and bowel exercises.

Multiple Sclerosis

We help individuals with multiple sclerosis maintain and improve functions by addressing issues such as spasticity, declining motor function, and sensory alteration. We build on whatever the patient currently can do, improving those abilities so that life is easier for them and independence can be maintained.
Our treatments can help people with neurological conditions achieve their personal goals of maximum fitness, function, and quality of life.
• Mobility in walking, climbing stairs, and physical transfer
• Hand and arm movements, such as grip strength, dexterity, eating, and drinking
• Balance and coordination to prevent falls
• Stiffness and tightness in muscles
• Pain control
Multiple Sclerosis Is An Autoimmune Disorder.
The immune system damages the myelin sheath that covers nerve fibers. This
disrupts the signals traveling from the brain to other body parts.

What are the causes of multiple sclerosis?
The exact causes of multiple sclerosis are not fully understood. The immune system, genetics and environmental factors are contributing factors, and infection can also play a role.
Other risk factors include:
• Smoking
• Vitamin D deficiency
• Obesity

What are the symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
• Fatigue
• Spasticity
• Pain and itching
• Dysesthesia
• Numbness or tingling
• Weakness
• Bladder problems
• Bowel problems
• Walking difficulties
• Vision problems
• Coordination issues
• Balance issues
• Focus and memory issues
• Sexual difficulties
• Mood swings

How do physiotherapists help individuals with spinal cord injuries?
Spinal cord injury affects people differently. At K7 physiotherapy our physiotherapist performs a holistic assessment and mutually agrees on a treatment plan to achieve the patient’s goals. Physiotherapist input mainly concentrates on:
• stretching exercises,
• a range of motion and strengthening exercises,
• promoting appropriate posture,
• achieving normal movement,
• exercises for spasticity,
• improving balance,
• improving endurance,
• progressing transfers and mobility including rolling/moving on a bed,
• seating and wheelchair advice,
• mobility and transfer equipment advice,
• hydrotherapy

How Can Physiotherapists Help Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis?
Physiotherapy plays a major role in treating multiple sclerosis. At K7
Physiotherapy we perform a holistic assessment of the client and mutually agree on a goal and treatment plan.
Physiotherapist input mainly concentrates on:
• Improving mobility
• Improving muscle strength
• Improving coordination
• Improving balance
• Improving range of motion
• Improving mobility
• Improving function
• Reducing falls
• Reducing spasticity
• Reducing stiffness
• Preventing muscle contractions
• Preventing pressure sores
• Promoting recovery
• Promoting good posture
• Improving the quality of life
• Promoting independence

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123 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 12004, USA.

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